Here are some practical ideas for dealing with ADHD students who need writing and reading help: To help children with ADHD who are poor readers improve their reading comprehension skills, try the following instructional practices:
• Silent reading time. Establish a fixed time each day for silent reading (e.g., D.E.A.R.: Drop Everything and Read and Sustained Silent Reading [
• Follow-along reading. Ask the child to read a story silently while listening to other students or the teacher read the story aloud to the entire class.
• Partner reading activities. Pair the child with ADHD with another student partner who is a strong reader. The partners take turns reading orally and listening to each other.
• Storyboards. Ask the child to make storyboards that illustrate the sequence of main events in a story.
• Storytelling. Schedule storytelling sessions where the child can retell a story that he or she has read recently.
• Playacting. Schedule playacting sessions where the child can role-play different characters in a favorite story.
• Word bank. Keep a word bank or dictionary of new or “hard-to-read” sight-vocabulary words.
• Board games for reading comprehension. Play board games that provide practice with target reading-comprehension skills or sight-vocabulary words.
• Computer games for reading comprehension. Schedule computer time for the child to have drill-and-practice with sight vocabulary words.
• Recorded books. These materials, available from many libraries, can stimulate interest in traditional reading and can be used to reinforce and complement reading lessons.
• “Backup” materials for home use. Make available to students a second set of books and materials that they can use at home.
• Summary materials. Allow and encourage students to use published book summaries, synopses, and digests of major reading assignments to review (not replace) reading assignments.
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